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Glial Signaling

The presence of glial cells may increase the capacity for signaling in the brain by a small factor, but is unlikely to qualitatively change the nature or extent of signaling in the brain. Support Number

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Scale of the Human Brain

The brain has about 10¹¹ neurons and 1.8-3.2 x 10¹⁴ synapses. These probably account for the majority of computationally interesting behavior. Support Number of neurons in the brain The number of neurons in the brain is about 10¹¹. For

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Neuron firing rates in humans

Our best guess is that an average neuron in the human brain transmits a spike about 0.1-2 times per second. Support Bias from neurons with sparse activity When researchers measure neural activity, they can fail to see neurons which rarely fire

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Preliminary prices for human-level hardware

Computer hardware has been getting cheap now for about seventy five years. Relatedly, large computing projects can afford to be increasingly large. If you think the human brain is something like a really impressive computer, then a

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Current FLOPS prices

In April 2015, the lowest recorded GFLOPS prices we know of are approximately $3/GFLOPS, for various CPU and GPU combinations. Amortized over three years, this is $1.1E-13/FLOPShour. Prices in the $3-5/GFLOPS range seem to be common, for GPU and CPU combinations